Hubungan Antara Kejadian Anemia pada Kehamilan Trimester III dengan Kejadian Perdarahan Postpartum Primer di RS Nur Hidayah Kabupaten Bantul Tahun 2010-2011

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Yustina Ananti
Niken Gladis Irmastuti

Abstract

Background: Anemia in pregnancy is a national problem because it can lead to potential danger to mother child. Pregnant women with anemia is likely to experience early postpartum hemorrhage due to uterine atony.


Objective: This study aims to analyze the relathionship between the incidence of anemia in the third trimester of pragnancy with the incidence of early postpartum hemorrhage and extent of risks to mothers with anemia in third trimester of pregnancy for early postpartum hemorrhage


Method: Design research using observational analytic retrospective case control approach. The subjects of this study all postpartum mothers who were treated in obstetrics ward hospital Nur Hidayah Regency Bantul years 2010-2011, with the distribution of the cases of 37 people is a early postpartum hemorrhage and a control group of 37 people is not a early postpartum hemorrhage, so the total sample required a ratio of 1:1 is 74 samples. Samples were taken by purposive sampling technique. Data collection through secondary data taken from a register, status records (obstetric / partograp). Proof of relationship incidence of anemia in third trimester of pregnancy with the incidence of early postpartum hemorrhage using Chi-Square test.


Result: Statistical test using Chi-Square test acquired X2 count = 5.409> 0.05 Table X2 (1) = 3.481 or p = 0.02 <α = 0.05, then Ho is rejected (there is a relationship between the incidence of anemia of pregnancy with the incidence of early postpartum hemorrhage). Value odds ratio is OR = 3.033. Rate exposure in the case of 63.9% (0.63). Rate exposure in the control group by 36.8% (0.36), early postpartum hemorrhage 3.033 times higher risk of exposure to anemia than non-anemic during pregnancy third trimester.


Conclusion: There is a relationship between the incidence of anemia in the third trimester of pregnancy with the incidence of primary postpartum haemorrhage

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