Journal of Health (JoH) https://journal.gunabangsa.ac.id/index.php/joh <p><strong>Journal of Health (JoH)</strong> (p-ISSN 2355-8857 | e-ISSN 2407-6376) publishes research articles, conceptual articles, reports field studies (See Focus and Scope). The articles of this journal are published every six months, that is on January and July (2 issues per year), and published by the Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat STIKES Guna Bangsa Yogyakarta Indonesia.</p> LPPM STIKES Guna Bangsa en-US Journal of Health (JoH) 2355-8857 <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <div align="justify"> <ul> <li class="show">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Creative Commons Attribution License <strong>(CC-BY)</strong></a>, that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (<a href="http://opcit.eprints.org/oacitation-biblio.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener">See The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li> </ul> </div> PHYSICAL TEST AND ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITIES OF THE ETHANOL CREAM EXTRACT OF AIRLEAF (ZIZIPHUS SPINA-CHRISTI L.) ON PROPIONIBACTERIUM ACNES ATCC 6919 https://journal.gunabangsa.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/233 <p align="justify">Acne is a chronic inflammatory disease of the polysebaceous region characterized by the appearance of comedones, papules, pustules, nodules, and cysts. Bidara contains phenolics and flavonoids which are useful as anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antimicrobial, and prevent tumors. Other chemical constituents of Bidara that play a role in treatment are alkaloids, phenols, flavonoids, and terpenoids. This study aims to determine the effect of the concentration of the ethanolic extract of Bidara leaves (Ziziphus-Spina Christi L.) on the physical properties of the cream and the antibacterial activity of the Bidara leaf cream against the bacteria Propionibacterium acnes ATCC 6919 made in type O/W (Oil in Water) using a vanishing cream with 3 kinds of concentration, namely 10%, 12.5%, and 15%. Physical properties (organoleptic, spreadability, adhesion, and protection) and antibacterial activity against Propionibacterium acnes were measured using the well diffusion method. The results of the test of physical properties and antibacterial activity were analyzed using statistical tests with a 95% confidence level. The results of the physical properties test showed that the cream of ethanol extract of Bidara leaves had the aroma of Bidara leaves, greenish color, semisolid form, and homogeneous texture. The cream of ethanol extract of Bidara leaves with a concentration of 15% showed the greatest dispersion and adhesion at 6.9 cm and 6 seconds. The protection ability of bidara ethanol extract cream at the overall concentration was shown up to 5 minutes.</p> Monik Krisnawati Copyright (c) 2021 Monik Krisnawati https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-07-30 2021-07-30 8 2 55 66 10.30590/joh.v8n2.p56-66.2021 THE EFFECTIVENESS OF CELERY JUICE TO REDUCE BLOOD PRESSURE ON ELDERLY WITH HYPERTENSION IN THE SIMALINGKAR HEALTH CENTER https://journal.gunabangsa.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/255 <p align="justify">Hypertension is an increase in systolic blood pressure of more than 140 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure of more than 90 mmHg on two measurements with an interval of five minutes in a well-rested state. Hypertension control can be done with a pharmacological approach and non-pharmacological.One of the non-pharmacological treatments is to use celery. Celery contains apigenin, flavonoids, vitamin C, apiin, calcium, and magnesium to prevent constriction of blood vessels and help lower high blood pressure. This study aims to analyze the effectiveness of celery juice on reducing blood pressure in elderly people with hypertension in the Simalingkar Health Center. This study used a pre post experimental design. The number of respondents in the work area of ​​the Simalingkar Community Health Center was 10 respondents with a significance level of &lt;0.05. The results showed that the systole p value was 0.000 (&lt;0.05) and the diastole was 0.000 (&lt;0.05), which means that celery juice had a significant effect on reducing blood pressure. The mean reduction in systolic blood pressure was 30 mmHg and distolic 14 mmHg. The results of statistical tests obtained a p-value of 0.000 (&lt;0.5), it was concluded that celery juice was effective in reducing blood pressure.</p> Lasria Simamora Srilina Br.Pinem Nurhamida Fithri Copyright (c) 2021 Lasria Simamora, Srilina Br.Pinem, Nurhamida Fithri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-07-30 2021-07-30 8 2 67 74 10.30590/joh.v8n2.p67-74.2021 SYNTHESIS AND ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITIES TEST OF CHALCONE (E)-3-(4-(DIMETHYLAMINO)PHENYL)-1-PHENYLPROP-2-EN-1-ONE AGAINST BACTERIA CONTAMINANT BLOOD PRODUCTS https://journal.gunabangsa.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/256 <p align="justify">Chalcone compounds and their derivatives are known to have various pharmacological activities, one of which is antibacterial activity. This activity is strongly influenced by the type of bound substituent and the location of the substituent on the structure of the chalcone compound. The purpose of this study was to synthesize chalcone compounds with the characteristics of the dimethylamino substituent on ring B at the para ((E)-3-(4-(dimethylamino)phenyl)-1-phenylprop-2-en-1-one) position and to test the activity of an antibacterial compound of chalcone against bacterial isolates of blood product contaminants. Antibacterial activity testing was focused on bacterial isolates derived from blood products, because the use of blood product bacterial isolates for antibacterial testing was still not widely used, generally the test bacteria used were ATCC bacterial isolates. The antibacterial activity test method used was the paper disc diffusion method, the antibacterial activity of chalcone compounds was known through the formation of a clear zone around the disc paper called the inhibition zone for bacterial growth. The chalcone compound (E)-3-(4-(dimethylamino)phenyl)-1-phenylprop-2-en-1-one was successfully synthesized through a condensation reaction, which obtained a yellow crystalline solid with a yield of 81.67%. The results of the activity test of chalcone compounds on several blood product contaminants showed that this compound had good enough activity in inhibiting the growth of Staphylococcus aureus bacteria with an inhibition zone of 8.9 mm at a concentration of 25 ppm.</p> Wiwit Sepvianti Serafica Btari Christiyani Kusumaningrum Copyright (c) 2021 Wiwit Sepvianti, Serafica Btari Christiyani Kusumaningrum https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-07-30 2021-07-30 8 2 75 84 10.30590/joh.v8n2.p75-84.2021 PARITY RELATIONSHIP WITH THE OCCURRENCE OF PREECLAMPSIA IN PREGNANT WOMEN https://journal.gunabangsa.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/267 <p>Preeclampsia is a complication in pregnancy, childbirth and post partum which cannot be prevented and what can be done is to prevent the occurrence of more severe complications and avoid risk factors or predisposition to the occurrence of preeclampsia. Factors affecting preeclampsia are a history of hypertension and parity. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between history of parity with the incidence of preeclampsia. The design of this study was analytic with cross sectional design. The population in this study were all pregnant women in the Batam Puskesmas Batu Aji Batam City from February to July 2019, samples taken using purposive sampling as many as 88 respondents. The results of studies that have been carried out chi-square test for a history of and parity with preeclampsia obtained P value of 0.015 &lt;α 0.05. The conclusion of this study is the relationship between history parity with preeclampsia in pregnant women. this research can be considered for making policies in an effort to improve the quality of health services in pregnant women.</p> Renny Adelia Tarigan Revi Yulia Copyright (c) 2021 Renny Adelia Tarigan, Revi Yulia https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-07-30 2021-07-30 8 2 105 113 10.30590/joh.v8n2.p105-113.2021 THE EFFECTIVENESS OF GIVING KATUK LEAF EXTRACT ON BREAST MILK PRODUCTION AND INCREASING BABY WEIGHT IN THE INDEPENDENT PRACTICE OF MADIUN DISTRICT MIDWIVES https://journal.gunabangsa.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/270 <p>Breast milk is the best food for the baby's needs from the beginning of life. However, a survey in Indonesia reported that 38% of mothers stopped breastfeeding due to a lack of milk production caused by various factors such as maternal psychology and nutrition. Several types of plants have traditionally been used by nursing mothers to increase breast milk production, one of which is Sauropus androgynus or katuk leaves which contain important nutrients such as protein, vitamin C, vitamin D, calcium, and folic acid without reducing the quality of breast milk. Katuk leaf extract can increase the mother's milk production up to 50.47%. The general objective of this study was to determine the relationship between giving katuk leaves to breast milk production and increasing infant weight at the WiIayah Midwife Independent Practice, Madiun Regency. This research uses Quasi Experiment method with pre-test and post-test design. The sampling technique used purposive sampling and obtained a sample of 60 nursing mothers who will be given a volume measurement instrument, a control card for measuring breast milk volume filled in by postpartum mothers who will monitor their milk production every day. The results showed a decoction of katuk leaves and extracts. Katuk leaf is effective in meeting the adequacy of breast milk and is proven to increase baby's weight. To test the baby's weight gain using a tool using an observation sheet of baby's weight gain before and after the research was conducted. The results of hypothesis testing using the paired t-test showed that there was a relationship between giving katuk leaf extract to increasing breast milk production.</p> Febriyanti Dwi Asokawati Juda Julia Kristiarini Fatimah Sari Copyright (c) 2021 Febriyanti Dwi Asokawati, Juda Julia Kristiarini, Fatimah Sari https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-07-30 2021-07-30 8 2 114 120 10.30590/joh.v8n2.114-120.2021 THE EFFECT OF GIVING LETTUCE JUICE TO PATIENTS ON PRE-OPERATING PATIENTS 'ANXIETY IN JOGJA LASIK CENTER RS MATA "DR. YAP" YOGYAKARTA https://journal.gunabangsa.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/273 <p>Background: Anxiety in pre-operative patients affects the success of lasik action and can cause problems such as psychosis and personality disorders. Non-pharmacological interventions that can overcome anxiety are juice drinks. Objective: Knowing the difference in the level of anxiety before and after drinking lettuce juice in patients with pre surgery at the Jogja Lasik Center Eye Hospital "Dr. YAP” Yogyakarta. Method: This type of research is a quasi-experimental with a pretest and posttest approach. The population in this study were all preoperative patients. The sampling technique used total sampling, the number of samples was 16 people, the data analysis used the independent t-test. Result: Results obtained an average difference in anxiety reduction after juice administration of 106.81. There was a difference in anxiety levels in pre-operative patients after being given Juice. Conclusion: Therapy is more effective compared to the juice against the anxiety level of pre-surgery patients at Jogja Lasik Center Rs Mata "Dr. YAP" Yogyakarta.</p> Nur Yeti Syarifah Muryani Mira Runy Cendrawasih Copyright (c) 2021 Nur Yeti Syarifah, Muryani, Mira Runy Cendrawasih https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-07-30 2021-07-30 8 2 121 127 10.30590/joh.v8n2.p121-127.2021 EXAMINATION OF TOTAL NUMBER OF BACTERIA IN FRESH COW’S FROM COW FARM IN KALIJAMBE AREA SRAGEN https://journal.gunabangsa.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/274 <p>Milk is the preferred nutrient for microbes to grow. Under normal conditions the number of microflora is 103CFU/mL of milk. In cows infected with inflammation (masitis) can be found bacteria types Corybacterium, Staphylococcus sp, Streptococcus sp, and Enterobacteriaceae whose number can reach 105 CFU/mL of milk. The purpose of this study was to determine the total number of bacteria in fresh cow's milk in the Kalijambe area, Sragen. The method in this study uses microbiological tests with three tests, namely breed, MBRT and rezasurin. There are 4 types of fresh cow's milk samples used in this study, namely fresh cow's milk A, fresh cow's milk B, fresh cow's milk C and fresh cow's milk D, where in each type of milk there is one repetition (in duplicate). ). Based on the three tests that have been carried out, it can be concluded that milk samples A1, A2, B1, and B2 are suitable for consumption and milk samples C1, C2, D1 and D2 are not suitable for consumption because the amount of bacterial contamination exceeds the minimum limit of SNI 3141.1-2011 (1x106CFU/ml) . The results of the "t" test showed that the total number of microbes in fresh milk in 4 samples (A, B, C, D) was significantly different (P &lt; 0.05), so it can be concluded that the quality of fresh milk at Kalijambe farm, Sragen is good for milk A and B (according to SNI 2011), while for milk C and D are not good (not in accordance with SNI 2011).</p> Liss Dyah Dewi Arini Darah Ifalahma Copyright (c) 2021 Liss Dyah Dewi Arini, Darah Ifalahma https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-07-30 2021-07-30 8 2 128 139 10.30590/joh.v8n2.p128-139.2021 PATIENT BEHAVIORAL INTENTIONS TO VISIT THE HOSPITAL DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC IN PEKANBARU https://journal.gunabangsa.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/293 <p>This study aims to analyze the impact of the benefits of COVID-19 protection on preventive satisfaction and behavioral intentions; the effect of preventive satisfaction on behavioral intentions; and the role of trust in moderating the effect of benefits of COVID-19 protection on behavioral intentions. This research is a correlational study using 100 respondents who visited Awal Bros Hospital in Pekanbaru for the last 6 months. The data were then analyzed through partial least square (PLS). The results of the analysis prove that: (1) Benefits of COVID-19 Protection have a significant effect on Preventive Satisfaction; (2) Benefits of COVID-19 Protection have no significant effect on Behavioral Intentions; (3) Preventive Satisfaction has a significant effect on Behavioral Intentions; (4) Trust does not moderate the effect of Benefits of COVID-19 Protection on Behavioral Intentions.</p> Wiwik Suryandartiwi Zaky Abdul Copyright (c) 2021 Wiwik Suryandartiwi, Zaky Abdul https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-07-30 2021-07-30 8 2 140 150 10.30590/joh.v8n2.p140-150.2021 THE EFFECT OF ONLINE BASED EDUCATION ON KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDE OF PREGNANT WOMAN ABOUT MATERNAL AND NEONATAL SERVICES DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC IN SLEMAN REGENCY https://journal.gunabangsa.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/313 <p>Pregnancy is a very happy moment. In order for a pregnancy to run well, maternal and neonatal services in health facilities are needed to ensure the safety of the mother and fetus. However, the COVID-19 outbreak has caused increased anxiety and discomfort for pregnant women in Sleman Regency. Based on a survey conducted in the month of July 2020 in Sleman Regency, there were 46 pregnant women and it was found 38 pregnant women (82,6%) experienced excessive worry due to lack of information on maternal and neonatal services during the pandemic. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of online education on increasing knowledge and attitudes towards maternal and neonatal services during the pandemic in Sleman Regency in 2020. This study used a pre-experimental method with a sample of 60 pregnant women who were divided into 2 groups using randomization techniques. simple (simple randomization) and the Mann-Whitney test. The results of the study showed an increase in knowledge and attitudes through online education of 39,17 (post 1) dan 43,52 (post 2) level, while the group without education was 21,83 (post 1) dan 17,46 (post 2) level. From the results of the study shows the difference between groups that are given online education and lefleat on increasing knowledge and attitudes on maternal and neonatal services was 41,25 (post 1) dan 39,68 (post 2) in Sleman Regency in 2020. It is hoped that pregnant women can respond and take the best steps in maintaining health with online knowledge has been obtained.</p> Chentia Misse Issabella Febry Heldayasari Prabandari Copyright (c) 2021 Chentia Misse Issabella, Febry Heldayasari Prabandari https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-07-30 2021-07-30 8 2 151 163 10.30590/joh.v8n2.p151-163.2021 VERTICAL TRANSMISSION COVID-19 FROM PREGNANT MOTHER TO FETUS: SYSTEMATIC LITERATURE REVIEW https://journal.gunabangsa.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/263 <p><em>The number of patients with Covid-19 is on the increase, resulting in the cumulative and neonatal health. Goverments implement policies and handbill on the Covid-19 virus prevention and treatment efforts, including maternal and neonatal. People have also adopted government regulations. The methods in this study are literature review journals with types of literature review of PubMed, Google Scholar, and Cochrane. The sample of this research is a journal already made critical apprasial with inclusion and excretion criteria. Literature review shows a 2020 journal published internationally and for research design case report. Pregnant mother gave birth to sectio caesaria at 37 weeks of pregnancy. Mothers did a swab test (RT-PCR) to check diagnostics. Most babies are born to men with body weight born more than 2500 grams. All babies make self-contained isolation in good condition with over 7 at first and fifth minutes. Complications are certain, and swab inspection is made on nasofaring. A lab of the Covid-19 virus transmission from the pregnant mother to the fetus negative. The lab did not have a Covid-19 virus acid on the pacenta sample, blood but central, amniotic fluid, throat and feses.</em><em> R</em><em>esults from a lab of a vertical transmission of the Covid-19 virus from a pregnant mother to a negative fetus.</em></p> Claudia Leniensi Catur Wulandari Eka Vicky Yulivantina Galuh Tunggal Prastiti Copyright (c) 2021 Claudia Leniensi, Catur Wulandari, Eka Vicky Yulivantina, Galuh Tunggal Prastiti https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-07-30 2021-07-30 8 2 85 93 10.30590/joh.v8n2.p85-93.2021 PREGNANCY ANEMIA RELATIONSHIP WITH THE EVENT OF LOW BIRTH WEIGHT (LBW): SYSTEMATIC LITERATURE REVIEW https://journal.gunabangsa.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/264 <p>Pregnancy anemia has a contribution to the incidence of Low Birth Weight (LBW). The incidence of pregnancy anemia in Indonesia in 2013 was 37.1% and in 2017 it increased to 48.9%. The incidence of LBW birth in developing countries is 95.6%, and LBW is one of the causes of neonatal mortality in Indonesia. The neonatal mortality rate (IMR) in 2012 of 19 / 1,000 KH decreased in 2017 to 15 / 1,000 live births (KH), but this figure has not yet reached the SDG's (Sustainable Development Global Goals) target of 12 / 1,000 KH. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between anemia in pregnancy and the incidence of LBW. This study uses the Systematic Literature Review (SLR) method. The sample used is 13 international and national journals using data based on Google scholar, Pubmed and NCBI. Result This study showed that 92.3% (12 journals) had a correlation between pregnancy anemia and the incidence of low birth weight. The biggest cause of pregnancy anemia based on the journal is iron deficiency (46.1%), followed by education level of 7.6%, low economic status (7.6%), and nutrition (7.6%). The incidence of LBW from anemic mothers in pregnancy was 92.3%. The conclusion of this study is that there is a relationship between pregnancy anemia and the incidence of LBW.</p> Sri Wahyuni Yustina Ananti Chentia Misse Issabella Copyright (c) 2021 Sri Wahyuni, Yustina Ananti, Chentia Misse Issabella https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-07-30 2021-07-30 8 2 94 104 10.30590/joh.v8n2.p94-104.2021