Gambaran Anemia pada Lanjut Usia di Panti Sosial Tresna Werdha Abiyoso Yogyakarta Tahun 2013

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Hieronymus Rayi Prasetya
Sistiyono Sistiyono
Maria Elisabeth Enjel Naur


Background: Anemia is a main health problem of elderly. The aging process causes many psychological changes in nearly all body systems of elderly that causes many kinds of processes of nutrient absorptions in the body disturbed. There is an opinion says that generally elderly has lower hemoglobin levels compared to the younger people. Other research showed that elderly often suffered from calorie and protein malnutrition and micronutrient. It happened because the HCL and pepsin secretion was reduced. Consequently, the absorption of Vitamin B12 and iron decreased that causes Anemia.

Method: It was a descriptive analysis with laboratory tests. The sample of this research was 60 year-old and older patients in TresnaWerdhaAbiyoso Nursing Home Yogyakarta. There were 96 patients. The data of research results were analyzed descriptively and presented in the forms of tables and graphs.

Results: Of the 96 old patients, there were 31 patients suffered from anemia that consisted of 27 patients with mild anemia and 10 patients with moderate anemia. Based on the morphology of erythrocytes in elderly, there were two kinds of anemia. They were normocytic-normochromic anemia with 84 patients and microcytic-hypochromic anemia with 12 patients.

Conclusion: The description of anemia in elderly who stayed in TresnaWerdhaAbiyoso Nursing Home Yogyakarta showed that 32.29% of the elderly suffered from anemia. 72.97% suffered from mild anemia. 27.03% suffered from moderate anemia. The anemia classifications based on morphology in elderly in Tresna Werdha Abiyoso Nursing Home Yogyakarta were 87.5% normocytic-normochromic anemia and 12.5% microcytic-hypochromic anemia.

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